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ISPM 15 Solid Wood Packaging Update

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ISPM 15 Solid Wood Packaging Update

Update on ISPM 15 Participating Countries

Canada:  The Canadian Food Inspection Agency released a new memo regarding the implementation of ISPM 15 (2009) between Canada and the United States.

US/Canada Bi-Lateral Agreement Update:  The USDA's latest update on this issue is that there continues to be a lot of "behind the scenes" work on the document related to this matter. The focus of this effort is to make the transition to full ISPM 15 implementation between the two countries as easy as possible for the companies affected on both sides. Because this document continues to be a work in progress, the USDA believes full implementation of ISPM 15 between the two countries will not occur before January 2018.

Jamaica:  Jamaica's new enforcement date is March 1, 2011.

Australia: Since July 1, 2010, the Australian Quarantine Inspection Service (AQIS) now accepts wood packaging made of debarked wood (i.e. small pieces of bark are allowed if they are less than 3 cm in width [regardless of length]; or if greater than 3 cm in width, the total surface area can only be about the size of a credit card) as defined in ISPM 15 - 2009 edition.  However, the “bark free” declaration is still required.

Jamaica: The Ministry of Agriculture Plant Quarantine/Produce Inspection Branch will be enforcing its new ISPM 15-based regulation starting January 1, 2011.

Kenya: Kenya Plant Health Inspection Service (KEPHIS) will be enforcing ISPM 15, but as of yet has no implementation date.

Taiwan:Taiwan’s Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine amended its regulation incorporating ISPM 15 – 2009 edition

Australia: The Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service (AQIS) no longer requires a “Newly Manufactured Plywood Declaration” for plywood-veneer packaging. However, AQIS is still monitoring the risks associated with plywood and veneer packaging through surveys and target surveillance in order to verify that risks are adequately managed.

European Union (EU): EU member states still accept wood packaging fumigated with methyl bromide from other countries outside Europe. Their new regulation prohibiting the use of methyl bromide only applies to fumigation of wood packaging within Europe.

Indonesia: Indonesian Agricultural Quarantine Agency updated its Decree of the Minister of Agriculture No. 12/2009 to go in line with the 2009 edition of ISPM 15 (i.e. made of debarked wood).

Senegal: The Direction de la Protection des Vegetaux au Ministere de l’Agriculture (Plant Protection Department of the Ministry of Agriculture) of Senegal has proposed an implementation date of August 15, 2010.

Sri Lanka: The Department of Agriculture of Sri Lanka has been implementing ISPM 15 since March 8, 2010.

Summary information for countries that have begun implementation or announced plans to implement ISPM-15:

Argentina: June 1, 2006

Australia: September 1, 2004 (Variations to ISPM-15: Bark-free + packing declaration for ISPM-15 compliant WPM, 21-day rule does not apply); January 1, 2006 will add wood packaging used in break bulk and air cargo to their ISPM-15 enforcement.

Bolivia: July 23, 2005

Brazil: June 1, 2005

Bulgaria: January 24, 2006

Canada: September 16, 2005 (Exemption granted to U.S.)

Chile: June 1, 2005

China: January 1, 2006

Colombia: September 16, 2005

Costa Rica: March 19, 2006

Cuba: October 1, 2008

Dominican Republic: July 1, 2006

Ecuador: September 20, 2005

Egypt: October 1, 2005

European Union: March 1, 2005

Guatemala: September 16, 2005

Honduras: February 25, 2006

India: November 1, 2004 (Variation: Phytosanitary certificate required only for WPM not ISPM-15 compliant)

Indonesia: September 2009

Israel: October 31, 2009

Jamaica: October 20, 2007

Japan: April 1, 2007

Jordan: November 17, 2005

Lebanon: March 26, 2006

Malaysia: January 1, 2010

Mexico: September 16, 2005

New Zealand: April 16, 2003; starting November 1, 2009 switched to debarked WPM

Nicaragua: No published date of implementation

Nigeria: September 30, 2004

Norway: January 1, 2008

Oman: December 2006

Paraguay: June 28, 2005

Peru: March 1, 2005

Philippines: June 1, 2005

Senegal: August 15, 2010 (ISPM 15-compliant + bark-free)

Seychelles: March 1, 2006

South Africa: January 1, 2005

South Korea: June 1, 2005

Sri Lanka: March 8, 2010

Switzerland: March 1, 2005

Syria: April 1, 2006

Taiwan: July 2008

Tanzania: No published date of implementation

Thailand: No published date of implementation

Trinidad & Tobago: September 15, 2005

Turkey: January 1, 2006

Ukraine: October 1, 2005

U.S.: September 16, 2005 (Exemption granted to Canada -- must provide import declaration that shipment derived from trees harvested in U.S. or Canada -- import lumber must be ISPM-15; 24-hr methyl bromide fumigation schedule in their requirements for imported packaging effective February 7, 2008)

Venezuela: June 1, 2005

Vietnam: June 5, 2005

ISPM-15 Requirements
Treatment options are:
- Heat Treatment (HT): Wood packaging material should be heated in a schedule that achieves a minimum core temperature of 56ºC for a minimum of 30 minutes.
- Methyl Bromide (MB) Fumigation: The wood packaging material should be fumigated with methyl bromide.


Mark with the following components:

- IPPC symbol
- country code
- producer/treatment provider code
- HT or MB


Must be made from debarked wood; small pieces of bark may remain if:
- Less than 3 cm in width (regardless of length) or
- Greater than 3 cm in width, with the total surface area of an individual
piece of bark less than 50 cm2

Proposed change between US and Canada
(information relayed to NWPCA by the USDA APHIS Forestry Products Trade Director)

The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal & Plant Health Inspection Service APHIS) and Canada Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) have determined the ISPM 15 wood packaging exemption between the two countries has become disadvantageous to controlling the introduction and spread of invasive species.

The growing number of invasive species establishing in the two countries mandates the removal of the ISPM No. 15 exemption to further insure the safety of our groves, orchards, forests and nurseries. The USDA and CFIA are developing an action plan which involves a 2 year phase-in period. The three phases of implementation will take part in four steps:

1. One year for industry preparations to comply with the standard.

2. Phase 1: Six months of informed compliance. Notices will be posted in connection with cargo that contains noncompliant WPM.

3. Phase 2: Six months of rejection of violative noncompliant wood crates and wood pallets through re-exportation. Informed compliance and notices posted in cargo with other types of noncompliant WPM (dunnage, blocking and bracing).

4. Phase 3: Full Enforcement on all articles of regulated WPM entering United States of America and North America. Shipments containing noncompliant regulated WPM will not be allowed to enter United States of America.

An official start dates will be announced after further discussions with CFIA, Customs and Border Protection and Canada Border Services Agency.

Methyl Bromide Schedule
fumigation treatment schedule

The minimum temperature should not be less than 10°C and the minimum exposure time should be 24 hours. Monitoring of concentrations should be carried out at a minimum at 2, 4, and 24 hours.

When a fumigation treatment schedule is revised and adopted, as with China and Canada, wood packaging material (WPM) already treated and marked under the previous schedule does not need to be retreated, remarked or recertified. It only applies to WPM that will be treated after adoption of the new schedule.

The Enforcement Committee has adopted this 24-hr fumigation schedule in the MB Program. All certified fumigators have been advised to start using the new schedule immediately; the schedule will be mandatory and has been implemented effective September 18, 2006 (Monday).

Notice to Department of Defense (DoD) vendors.

The Department of Defense has announced that its shipments both “inside and outside of the United States must meet ISPM 15.” These requirements will be reflected in Defense Logistic Agency solicitations issued as of August 1, 2006. DOD pallets must be heat treatment or kiln dried (DOD does not accept fumigation as a treatment method). For more information, see the American Lumber Standard Committee, Incorporated Web page at.

ISPM-15 Requirements

Compliance with ISPM-15 for wood packaging materials allows for two treatment options:

Heat Treatment (HT): Wood packaging material should be heated in a schedule that achieves a minimum core temperature of 56ºC for a minimum of 30 minutes. The American Lumber Standards Committee administers the U.S. certification program for heat treatment.

Methyl Bromide (MB) Fumigation: The wood packaging material should be fumigated with methyl bromide. NWPCA has been tasked by the U.S. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service to administer the fumigation program.

NOTE: ISPM 15 requirements apply to all species of coniferous (softwood) and non-coniferous (hardwood) packaging materials.


To the best of NWPCA's knowledge, NWPCA E-News: International Wood Packaging Requirements contains current information from government sources on International Wood Packaging Requirements as of the date of publication. NWPCA does not warrant or assume any legal liability for the accuracy or completeness of such information.
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